Sclerotherapy for spider veins method and varicose veins

Spider veins and vasculopathy are not only an aesthetic problem, these may signal serious problems with circulation and can be hazardous to human health. How to treat them? A proper diet and intake of supplements not always are sufficient.
The science knows factors, which determine formation of the vascular spiders: unhealthy lifestyle, smoking, overweight, lack of exercise. All these factors can cause telangiectasia.
To avoid it, it is essential to provide the body with adequate amounts of the vitamins, especially vitamins A, C and E and also elements which strengthen the walls of blood vessels, such as selenium, copper and zinc. However, if the spider veins occur, only sclerotherapy can help.
Sclerotherapy is the most common method for treatment of telangiectasia (called "spider veins"), reticular veins and varicose veins. During the treatment a tiny needle is placed inside an individual capillary of blood vessel with insufficiency to insert a solution (usually in liquid form). The solution works by irritating the endothelium initiating the process of vein wall fibrosis and finally sealing up the vein.
The traditional sclerotherapy is performed using the obliterating liquid. It is a treatment performed in case of telangiectasia and reticular veins - small-diameter blood vessels.
The treatment of varicose veins is usually performed using foam sclerotherapy. The foam remains longer in the venous vessel, covers more surface area, giving very high effectiveness level of the procedure. Puncture of the varicose vein is performed under ultrasound guidance. Foam sclerotherapy is also one of the recommended complementary methods after surgery to remove varicose veins.
The procedure is almost painless, although it is performed without anesthesia. The procedure takes usually 20 – 45 minutes depends on the extent of surgery.
After the procedure an elastic dressing or bandage for 5-10 days is necessary. What’s important, after the treatment the patient has to walk for approx. 30 minutes, can’t keep staying nor sitting.
While the complications are very rare, they include mainly: skin necrosis, hyperpigmentation, venous thromboembolism and thrombophlebitis.
Not everyone can be qualified for surgery. Contraindications to perform sclerotherapy may be hormone therapy, pregnancy and breast-feeding, dermatitis with bacterial infections and deep venous thrombosis (DVT).
The recurrence risk is very high. Therefore the sclerotherapy treatment has to be repeated several times.
Piotr Kosik