Hair transplantation provides a good head of hair
Alopecia is a problem not only for men. Both men and women (regardless of age) complain about excessive hair loss. This condition might be a result of genetic predisposition, lesions or chronic stress.
The most common condition is androgenetic alopecia. In men, this type of hair loss is very characteristic due to the typical image of hair loss beginning meanders from the front and at the top of the head. In women, the symptoms are less specific and cover the whole scalp.
Hair loss can be connected with diseases, like e.g. lupus or lichen planopilaris, which cause fibrosing alopecia. All those diseases affect the treatment of alopecia whereby the effect of hair transplantation may be limited and insufficient.
It is very important for the treatment of non-fibrosing alopecia, e.g. alopecia atreata, telogeneffluvium or androgenetic alopecia to determine the reason of the hair loss and possible curative treatment of the disease, because scalp area covered by the disease process may not be suitable for adoption or maintenance of the transplanted hair.
The most common type of hair loss - androgenetic alopecia can be effectively treated pharmacologically, in both men and women. The surgical hair restoration is performed after ineffective pharmaceutical therapy.
How the hair transplantation proceeds?
The procedure begins with a local anesthetic. Then slice the skin is taken from the area at the height of the occipital bone, where the hair is permanent and never fall out. From the extracted skin are obtained 700-1500 follicular units (groups of one to four hairs), depending on the skin and hair condition as well as depending on sex (in women the optimal amount of obtained hair is smaller). Extracted and prepared hair is placed with a needle (a tube-like instrument) on the desired area.
The transplants are well fixed shortly after the surgery, after 24-48 hours it's difficult to remove them accidentally, although combing or touching the scalp are prohibited in this time.
After the hair transplantation it is necessary to take care of moisturizing the scalp for 1-3 days by using moisturizing ointment or hydrogel dressings.
Most patients do not feel significant pain after approx. 12 hours after surgery. The sutures are removed after 10-14 days.
For the first two weeks the patients should avoid using dryers, coatings and hair foams. Hair color is possible after the healing of wounds and scabs falling off.
The final effects of the treatment are visible after at least 10 months.